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Nouvelle Iconographie de la Salpêtrière (1888-1918)

The Nouvelle Iconographie de la Salpêtrière is founded under the direction of Jean-Martin Charcot by Paul Richer, Gilles de la Tourette and Albert Londe, head of the photography department. By gathering the collection of negatives of the Salpêtrière, this publication will allow the « objective representation » of the pathologies observed, as Charcot remarks. It takes over from the Iconographie Photographique de la Salpêtrière, (available in the Jubilothèque) and aims to « take advantage of the numerous illustrated documents that pile up daily in the albums of the Salpêtrière ».

Indeed, its interest lies in the great number of illustrations going with each article : photographs, off course, but also remarkable drawings signed by Paul Richer, colour engravings, reproductions of works of art, on which Charcot’s team make a retrospective diagnosis, on the « Paralytique de Raphaël » for example. It’s also in The Nouvelle Iconographie de la Salpêtrière that the study by Henry Meige about « Charcot artiste », illustrated with sketches and dawings by the master, is published in 1898.

This will of systematic illustration, enhanced by technical progress, goes on until the end of the publication.